The transition period ends on 31 December 2020. A one-off extension to the transition period is possible within the rules of the Withdrawal Agreement. Such an extension can be for no more than two years. It would need to be agreed jointly by the UK-EU Joint Committee before 1 July 2020. The UK and EU would also need to agree the length of an extension and other terms, such as the UK’s financial contribution to the EU budget for the extended period.
- The UK Government has so far been opposed to any extension of the transition period. The end date of the transition period has been enshrined in UK law: section 15A of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 prohibits the Government from agreeing to an extension of the transition period.
- If the Government wants to agree to an extension, it would first need to repeal the Act in domestic law.
- The Institute for Government and others have argued this issue ought and/or is likely, to be revisited. However, any such decision must be taken before 1 July 2020.
- 2020 April 20 - Coronavirus: Is it possible to extend the Brexit transition period? Graeme Cowie, House of Commons Library
- 2020 April 15 - The coronavirus response means the government will need to extend the Brexit transition period —Blog by Joe Owen, Institute for Government